CARTA: Cellular & Molecular Explorations of Anthropogeny - Eichler: The Evolution of Human-Specific Genes by Duplication
Premiere Date: 11/24/2017; 26 minutes


Copy the following code and paste it into your web page to embed this video:

Huxley and Darwin were among the first to appreciate the close evolutionary relationship of humans and other African great apes but also to ponder what genetic changes might make us human. Initial comparisons of human and chimpanzee genes, showed little difference (>99% identical) despite the numerous adaptations that must have occurred on the human lineage. Recent studies of more complex regions of our genome have revealed hotspots of dramatic evolutionary change. Within these regions are hundreds of new duplicate genes, several of which appear to be important in human-specific neuroanatomical adaptations. Paradoxically, this genetic complexity has led to mutations causing childhood diseases suggesting that human-specific genes and increased disease burden are tightly linked. Recorded on 09/29/2017. (#32976)


Sign up for UCTV's monthly e-newsletter:
contact
contact info

feedback

press

watch
where to watch

videos & podcasts

live stream

retransmission

more info
about uctv

faqs

program contributors

university of california

sitemap

follow



©2016 Regents of the University of California. All right reserved. Terms and Conditions of Use.